Upstream protected land measures the percentage of total water supply that originates from protected ecosystems. Modified land use can affect the health of freshwater ecosystems and have severe downstream impacts on both water quality and quantity.
This dataset shows the distribution of mangrove forests in Thailand, derived from earth observation satellite imagery.
The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) is the most comprehensive global spatial dataset on marine and terrestrial protected areas available. Protected areas are internationally recognised as a critical means of conserving species and ecosystems. Up to date information on protected areas is essential to enable a wide range of conservation and development activities. Since 1981 UNEP-WCMC, through its Protected Areas Programme, has been compiling this information and making it available to the global community. The WDPA is a joint project of UNEP and IUCN, produced by UNEP-WCMC and the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas working with governments and collaborating NGOs.
Available blue water (Ba) is the total amount of water available to a catchment before any uses are satisfied. It is calculated as all water flowing into the catchment from upstream catchments minus upstream consumptive use plus runoff in the catchment.